A review of EVs charging: From the perspective of energy optimization, optimization approaches, and charging techniques

Muhammad Amjad, Ayaz Ahmad, Mubashir Husain Rehmani, Tariq Umer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction of electric vehicles (EVs) or plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) in the road transportation can significantly reduce the carbon emission. Hence, the demand of EVs is likely to increase in the near future. Large penetration of EVs will also ultimately result into high loads on the existing power grids. The controlled charging of EVs can have a significant impact on the power grid load, voltage, frequency, and power losses. In this paper, we have provided a comprehensive review of various energy optimization approaches used for EVs charging. Energy optimization approaches used for EVs not only enhance the battery life but also contribute in regulating the voltage and frequency. During EVs charging, various objective functions such as supporting the renewable energy sources, minimization of the peak load, energy cost, and maximization of the aggregator profit have also been studied from optimization perspectives. The controlled and an optimized EVs charging enhances the performance of EVs batteries and conserves the energy in the system by minimizing the load and power losses. The different EVs charging approaches such as centralized and distributed suited for different objective functions have also been studied and compared with respect to various optimization approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-417
Number of pages32
JournalTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Volume62
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Battery life
  • Centralized EVs charging
  • Distributed EVs charging
  • EV charging
  • Optimization methods
  • Optimization objectives

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