A survey on radio resource allocation in cognitive radio sensor networks

Ayaz Ahmad, Sadiq Ahmad, Mubashir Husain Rehmani, Naveed Ul Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

204 Citations (Scopus)


Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) use the unlicensed industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) band for transmissions. However, with the increasing usage and demand of these networks, the currently available ISM band does not suffice for their transmissions. This spectrum insufficiency problem has been overcome by incorporating the opportunistic spectrum access capability of cognitive radio (CR) into the existing WSN, thus giving birth to CR sensor networks (CRSNs). The sensor nodes in CRSNs depend on power sources that have limited power supply capabilities. Therefore, advanced and intelligent radio resource allocation schemes are very essential to perform dynamic and efficient spectrum allocation among sensor nodes and to optimize the energy consumption of each individual node in the network. Radio resource allocation schemes aim to ensure QoS guarantee, maximize the network lifetime, reduce the internode and internetwork interferences, etc. In this paper, we present a survey of the recent advances in radio resource allocation in CRSNs. Radio resource allocation schemes in CRSNs are classified into three major categories, i.e., centralized, cluster-based, and distributed. The schemes are further divided into several classes on the basis of performance optimization criteria that include energy efficiency, throughput maximization, QoS assurance, interference avoidance, fairness and priority consideration, and hand-off reduction. An insight into the related issues and challenges is provided, and future research directions are clearly identified.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7036039
Pages (from-to)888-917
Number of pages30
JournalIEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • cognitive radio networks
  • Cognitive radio sensor network
  • radio resource allocation
  • wireless sensor networks


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