An IMS Learning Design Meta-Model for Learners with Autsim

Guang Yao Yu

    Research output: Types of ThesisMaster's Thesis


    This study investigates the Instructional Management System (IMS) Learning Design (LD) specification (IMS-LD), which was originally published by experts in the Open University of the Netherlands (OUNL). Our project aims to produce an IMS meta-model, which can provide for special learning styles, and satisfy learners’ special needs during the learning process. Our research has produced an IMS lesson or Unit of Learning (UoL) to support learners with autism. Young learners with autism have special learning needs and characteristics that educational software must respond to. Certain IMS-LD features (Property and Condition) and services (for example, Monitoring) have been adopted to enhance a suitable dynamic learning design. The IMS-LD uses XHTML technology to develop an appropriate learning interface and content. IMS-LD based open source software tools have already been developed by members of research projects, e.g., Alfanet, UNFOLD and Developing for Learning Design (D4LD), in the recent decade. The present investigation has used some of these software tools to develop the online learning material. The IMS-LD based prototypes have been analysed, designed and implemented to help investigate the potential of this recent specification, the IMS Learning Design. Web technologies have been adopted in the prototypes, e.g., Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript. Further web technologies are used also to enhance learning effectiveness, e.g., Flash and audio. A software-based ‘learning scenario’ was designed, developed and then evaluated by an expert user group. Data was collected and analysed, and results indicate that the IMSLD lessons could be suitable for learners with special needs and autism. The prototype lessons provide individual learning with personal learning interfaces and materials. This investigation is a novel one, as the IMS Learning Design specification is not yet widely adopted in the eLearning industry. Our study indicates some advantages and disadvantages, in applying its meta-model approach, in special education software design.
    Original languageEnglish
    Awarding Institution
    • Barry, Mary, Supervisor, External person
    Publication statusUnpublished - 2008


    • Learning strategies, autism


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