An investigation of co-fired varistor-ferrite materials

Aran Rafferty, Yurii Gun'ko, Ramesh Raghavendra

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    19 Citations (Scopus)


    The purpose of this work was to co-fire crack-free varistor-ferrite ceramic multilayers fabricated via a dry pressing route. Multilayers were sintered using a standard industrial grade varistor sintering regime. Sinter shrinkages of both varistor and ferrite materials were measured using dilatometry and showed that the varistor shrunk significantly more than the ferrite material. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that no significant phase changes occurred in the materials under investigation as a result of the sintering process. Scanning electron microscopy observations of the dry-pressed co-fired varistor-ferrite revealed vertical cracking in the ferrite due to thermal expansion mismatch between the materials. By pressing a mixed composition interlayer in the ratio 50:50, between the varistor and ferrite materials, a crack-free multilayer structure could be obtained. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis of the co-fired ferrite and varistor confirmed diffusion of Fe and Ni components from the ferrite into the varistor material. The degree of diffusion was reduced by using 50:50 ratio mixed composition interlayers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2005-2013
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004


    • Diffusion
    • Ferrites
    • Pressing
    • Varistors
    • ZnO


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