Decreasing Txnip mRNA and protein levels in pancreatic MIN6 cells reduces reactive oxygen species and restores glucose regulated insulin secretion

Sweta Rani, Jai Prakash Mehta, Niall Barron, Padraig Doolan, Per Bendix Jeppesen, Martin Clynes, Lorraine O'Driscoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: Recently, thioredoxin-interacting protein (Txnip) expression has been implicated in a number of cellular events associated with diabetes, with increased Txnip levels associated with reduced glucose uptake into peripheral tissues, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) in endothelial cells, beta cell glucotoxicity and apoptosis. The potential relevance of Txnip with regards to glucose-regulated insulin secretion (GSIS), a fundamentally important characteristic of beta cells and insulin-producing cells being considered as a possible cell therapy for diabetes, has not yet been investigated. Methods: Here, studying glucose-responsive MIN6 B1(GSIS) and cells which had significantly reduced response to glucose after time in culture i.e. MIN6 B1(Non-GSIS), using ELISAs; qRT-PCR; immunoprecipitation and Western blotting; transient and stable (siRNA/shRNA and cDNA) approaches to achieve Txnip knock-down or over-expression, respectively,we established a direct association between Txnip expression and GSIS. Results: Specifically, increasing Txnip levels correlate with increased intracellular ROS levels and with significant GSIS loss.Conversely, both transient and stable knock-down of Txnip expression was associated with GSIS recovery. Conclusion: This, we believe, is another reason in favour of targeting Txnip as a novel approach for diabetes-related therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-674
Number of pages8
JournalCellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cDNA
  • Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion
  • Immunoprecipitation
  • ROS
  • ShRNA
  • SiRNA
  • Txnip

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