Development of an organic photovoltaic energy harvesting system for wireless sensor networks; application to autonomous building information management systems and optimisation of OPV module sizes for future applications

Shoushou Zhang, Noel Bristow, Tudur Wyn David, Fergus Elliott, Joe O'Mahony, Jeff Kettle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The emergence of internet of things (IoT) has motivated research into developing Organic Photovoltaic (OPV) devices that can efficiently convert indoor light into electricity. In this work, the performance and operation of an OPV-powered Wireless Sensor network (WSN) for Building Information management system is provided through a case study. Results are shown for the operation of the WSN and how data can be acquired to build machine learning algorithms that can forecast the indoor conditions of a building, when the system is linked to an external weather station. Remarkably, our data indicates only minor degradation of the OPV when tested under indoor conditions over a 21-month period; at a luminance level of 1000 Lux, only a −10% relative drop in performance was measured. Finally, the field data is used to optimise the size of the OPV and battery for future indoor applications which possess different energy loads. Based on the energy efficiency model, the loss of power supply probability (LPSP) of the indoor applications system is calculated for different size combinations of PV, battery sizes and load energies. This model provides a method to calculate the required OPV output power to ensure remote operation of other IoT electronics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111550
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume236
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Energy harvesting
  • Forecasting
  • Internet of things (IoT)
  • Machine learning
  • Organic photovoltaics (OPV)
  • Wireless sensor network

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