Dietary intervention with a targeted micronutrient formulation reduces the visual discomfort associated with vitreous degeneration

Emmanuel Ankamah, Marina Green-Gomez, Warren Roche, Eugene Ng, Ulrich Welge-Lüßen, Thomas Kaercher, John M. Nolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the impact of supplementation with a targeted micronutrient formulation on the visual discomfort associated with vitreous degeneration. Methods: In this clinical trial, 61 patients with symptomatic vitreous floaters were randomized to consume daily, the active supplement consisting of 125 mg L-lysine, 40 mg vitamin C, 26.3 mg Vitis vinifera extract, 5 mg zinc, and 100 mg Citrus aurantium or placebo for 6 months. Change in visual discomfort from floaters, assessed with the Floater Disturbance Questionnaire, was the primary outcome measure. Secondary outcome measures included best-corrected visual acuity, letter contrast sensitivity, photopic functional contrast sensitivity with positive and negative contrast polarity, and quantitative vitreous opacity areas. Results: After supplementation, the active group reported a significant decrease in their visual discomfort from floaters (P < 0.001), whereas the placebo group had no significant change in their visual discomfort (P = 0.416). At 6 months, there was a significant decrease in vitreous opacity areas in the active group (P < 0.001) and an insignificant increase in vitreous opacity areas in the placebo group (P = 0.081). Also, there was a significant improvement in photopic functional contrast sensitivity with positive contrast polarity in the active group after supplementation (P = 0.047). Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate improvements in vision-related quality of life and visual function of patients suffering from vitreous floaters after supplementation with a formulation of antioxidative and antiglycation micronutrients. Notably, these improvements were confirmed by the decrease in vitreous opacity areas in the active group. Translational Relevance: This targeted dietary intervention should be considered to support patients with symptomatic vitreous degeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19
JournalTranslational Vision Science and Technology
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Contrast sensitivity
  • Floaters
  • ImageJ
  • Randomized clinical trial
  • Supplementation
  • Vitreous degeneration
  • Vitreous opacitareas
  • VitroCap N

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