Digestive System Dynamics in Molecular Communication Perspectives

Dixon Vimalajeewa, Sasitharan Balasubramaniam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Consumption of food in excess of the required optimal nutritional requirements has already resulted in a global crisis and this is from the perspective of human health, such as obesity, as well as food waste and sustainability. In order to minimize the impact of these issues, there is a need to develop novel innovative and effective solutions that can optimally match the food consumption to the demand. This requires accurate understanding of the food digestion dynamics and its impact on each individual’s physiological characteristics. This study proposes a model to characterize digestive system dynamics by using concepts from the field of Molecular Communications (MC), and this includes integrating advection-diffusion and reaction mechanisms and its role in characterizing the digestion process as a communication system. The model is then used to explore starch digestion dynamics by using communication system metrics such as delay and path loss. Our simulations found that the long gastric emptying time increases the delay in starch digestion and in turn the glucose production and absorption into the blood stream. At the same time, the enzyme activity on the hydrolyzed starch directly impacts the path loss, as higher reaction rates and lower half saturation concentration of starch results in lower path loss. Our work can lead to provide insights formulated for each individuals by creating a digital twin digestion model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBio-Inspired Information and Communications Technologies - 13th EAI International Conference, BICT 2021, Proceedings
EditorsTadashi Nakano
PublisherSpringer
Pages117-133
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9783030921620
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event13th EAI International Conference on Bio-inspired Information and Communications Technologies, BICT 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 01 Sep 202102 Sep 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST
Volume403 LNICST
ISSN (Print)1867-8211
ISSN (Electronic)1867-822X

Conference

Conference13th EAI International Conference on Bio-inspired Information and Communications Technologies, BICT 2021
CityVirtual, Online
Period01/09/202102/09/2021

Keywords

  • Advection-diffusion-reaction model
  • Digestion dynamics
  • Molecular communication

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