Fast ion-exchange chromatography has been developed and applied to the separation of common inorganic anions. Using a didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB) coated short (30 mm×4.6 mm) ODS analytical column (3-μm particle size) and a 5 mM phthalate eluent (pH 7.5) the isocratic separation of nine common anions in 160 s was possible, with the first seven anions, including phosphate, chloride and sulphate, separated within 65 s. Detection was achieved using indirect UV at 279 nm. The high capacity, highly hydrophobic ion-exchange coating demonstrated excellent stability over time, even at elevated temperatures (45°C) and exhibited unusual selectivity for common anions (retention order=fluoride, carbonate, phosphate, chloride, bromate, nitrite, sulphate, bromide and nitrate). The developed chromatography was successfully applied to the rapid analysis of river water and seawater samples.
- Didodecyldimethylammonium bromide
- Inorganic anions
- Stationary phases, LC
- Water analysis