Hopf hypersurfaces in spaces of oriented geodesics

Nikos Georgiou, Brendan Guilfoyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A Hopf hypersurface in a (para-)Kaehler manifold is a real hypersurface for which one of the principal directions of the second fundamental form is the (para-)complex dual of the normal vector. We consider particular Hopf hypersurfaces in the space of oriented geodesics of a non-flat space form of dimension greater than 2. For spherical and hyperbolic space forms, the space of oriented geodesics admits a canonical Kaehler–Einstein and para-Kaehler–Einstein structure, respectively, so that a natural notion of a Hopf hypersurface exists. The particular hypersurfaces considered are formed by the oriented geodesics that are tangent to a given convex hypersurface in the underlying space form. We prove that a tangent hypersurface is Hopf in the space of oriented geodesics with respect to this canonical (para-)Kaehler structure if and only if the underlying convex hypersurface is totally umbilic. In the case of three dimensional space forms there exists a second canonical complex structure which can also be used to define Hopf hypersurfaces. We prove that in this dimension, the tangent hypersurface of a convex hypersurface in the space form is Hopf if and only if the underlying convex hypersurface is totally umbilic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1129-1135
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Geometry
Volume108
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Hopf hypersurfaces
  • hyperbolic n-space
  • n-sphere
  • space of oriented geodesics
  • spaces of constant curvature

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