How and Where to Find NPS Users: a Comparison of Methods in a Cross-National Survey Among Three Groups of Current Users of New Psychoactive Substances in Europe

Dirk Korf, Annemieke Benschop, Bernd Werse, Gerrit Kamphausen, Katalin Felvinczi, Katarzyna Dąbrowska, Susana Hernriques, Ton Nabben, Łukasz Wieczorek, Michał Bujalski, Zsusza Kalo, Evelyn Hearne, Marie Claire Van Hout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Use of new psychoactive substances (NPS) across Europe remains a public health challenge. The study describes potentials and limitations of methods in a transnational survey of recent marginalised, nightlife and online community NPS users in Germany, Hungary, Ireland, the Netherlands, Poland and Portugal (n = 3023). In terms of demographic profile, drug use history and type of NPS, different methods reached different segments of the NPS-using population. Last year use of different NPS varied across countries and groups. Respondents used NPS in a variety of settings, with public spaces most common in the marginalised group. The study suggests that prevalence rates can reveal a picture of the NPS market that significantly deviates from what law enforcement seizures indicate. Outreach in nightlife settings and peer education are recommended to inform users about health risks and to improve access to drug services and care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-890
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Health education
  • Marginalised drug user
  • New psychoactive substance
  • Nightlife drug user
  • NPS
  • Online community user
  • Prevalence
  • Prevention

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