Inherent capacity of the pituitary gland to produce gonadotropins is not influenced by the number of ovarian follicles ≥3 mm in diameter in cattle

F. Mossa, F. Jimenez-Krassel, S. Walsh, D. P. Berry, S. T. Butler, J. Folger, G. W. Smith, J. L.H. Ireland, P. Lonergan, J. J. Ireland, A. C.O. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We hypothesised that higher serum FSH concentrations in cattle with low v. high follicle numbers during follicular waves are caused by a different capacity of the pituitary gland to produce gonadotropins. Dairy cows with high (≥30; n = 5) and low (≤15; n = 5) follicle numbers were selected and serum concentrations of oestradiol and FSH during an oestrous cycle were measured. Cows were ovariectomised at oestrus and bled frequently up to 8 days after ovariectomy. After 33 days, cows were injected with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and bled intensively up to 8 h after GnRH injection. One day later, animals were injected with follicular fluid (FF) from bovine follicles and were bled intensively up to 2 days after the first injection. Serum concentrations of FSH and LH were measured. After 2 days, cows were killed and their pituitary glands collected. Prior to ovariectomy, serum oestradiol concentrations were similar between groups, whereas FSH concentrations were higher in cattle with low v. high numbers of follicles. No differences were detected in serum gonadotropin concentrations after ovariectomy, GnRH injection or FF challenge between groups. The results indicate that the inherent capacity of the pituitary gland to secrete gonadotropins does not differ between cattle with high v. low numbers of follicles during follicular waves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-557
Number of pages8
JournalReproduction, Fertility and Development
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • FSH
  • LH

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