Internet of Things-Aided Smart Grid: Technologies, Architectures, Applications, Prototypes, and Future Research Directions

Yasir Saleem, Noel Crespi, Mubashir Husain Rehmani, Rebecca Copeland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

166 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Traditional power grids are being transformed into smart grids (SGs) to address the issues in the existing power system due to uni-directional information flow, energy wastage, growing energy demand, reliability, and security. SGs offer bi-directional energy flow between service providers and consumers, involving power generation, transmission, distribution, and utilization systems. SGs employ various devices for the monitoring, analysis, and control of the grid, deployed at power plants, distribution centers, and in consumers' premises in a very large number. Hence, an SG requires connectivity, automation, and the tracking of such devices. This is achieved with the help of the Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT helps SG systems to support various network functions throughout the generation, transmission, distribution, and consumption of energy by incorporating the IoT devices (such as sensors, actuators, and smart meters), as well as by providing the connectivity, automation, and tracking for such devices. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive survey on the IoT-aided SG systems, which includes the existing architectures, applications, and prototypes of the IoT-aided SG systems. This survey also highlights the open issues, challenges, and future research directions for the IoT-aided SG systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8701687
Pages (from-to)62962-63003
Number of pages42
JournalIEEE Access
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Home area network (HAN)
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • neighborhood area network (NAN)
  • smart grid (SG)
  • wide area network (WAN)

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