Iron Oxide Nanospheres and Nanocubes for Magnetic Hyperthermia Therapy: A Comparative Study

Z. Nemati, R. Das, J. Alonso, E. Clements, M. H. Phan, H. Srikanth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Improving the heating capacity of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) for hyperthermia therapy is an important but challenging task. Through a comparative study of the inductive heating properties of spherical and cubic Fe3O4 MNPs with two distinct average volumes (∼7000 nm3 and 80,000 nm3), we demonstrate that, for small size (∼7000 nm3), the cubic MNPs heat better compared with the spherical MNPs. However, the opposite trend is observed for larger size (∼80,000 nm3). The improvement in heating efficiency in cubic small-sized MNPs (∼7000 nm3) can be attributed to enhanced anisotropy and the formation of chain-like aggregates, whereas the decrease of the heating efficiency in cubic large-sized MNPs (∼80,000 nm3) has been attributed to stronger aggregation of particles. Physical motion is shown to contribute more to the heating efficiency in case of spherical than cubic MNPs, when dispersed in water. These findings are of crucial importance in understanding the role of shape anisotropy and optimizing the heating response of magnetic nano-structures for advanced hyperthermia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3764-3769
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biomedical applications
  • heating efficiency
  • Iron oxide nanoparticles
  • magnetic hyperthermia

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