Metamagnetism and kinetic arrest in a long-range ferromagnetically ordered multicaloric double perovskite Y2CoMnO6

R. P. Madhogaria, E. M. Clements, V. Kalappattil, M. H. Phan, H. Srikanth, R. Das, N. T. Dang, D. P. Kozlenko, N. S. Bingham

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11 Citations (Scopus)


A systematic magnetic study of the double perovskite oxide Y2CoMnO6 (YCMO) has been performed. A monoclinic P21/n phase of YCMO was synthesized using a sol-gel method. Neutron diffraction (ND) measurements evidence the onset of long-range ferromagnetic (FM) ordering at TC ~ 76 K, which persists down to 5 K. The presence of 25% antisite disorder, estimated from the ND data, leads to the appearance of short-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) interactions. The existence of thermal hysteresis due to competing interactions between FM and AFM phases is observed in the M vs. T measurements. The pinning of magnetic domain walls at the Co/Mn antiphase boundaries results in a metamagnetic-like behavior. The field dependence of thermomagnetic irreversibility and the nature of virgin curves indicate the occurrence of a kinetic arrest phenomenon, which is further verified via cooling and heating of the system in an unequal fields (CHUF) protocol. In full agreement with the ND data, a detailed analysis of critical exponents near the paramagnetic (PM)-FM phase transition also establishes YCMO as a long-range interacting mean-field system. A careful examination of the temperature- and field-dependent magnetic entropy change yields an in-depth understanding of coexisting magnetically ordered and disordered phases in YCMO, leading to a comprehensive magnetic phase diagram of this multifunctional double perovskite system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number166821
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Publication statusPublished - 01 Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Collective magnetism
  • Double perovskites
  • Kinetic arrest


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