Modeling of Modulated Exosome Release from Differentiated Induced Neural Stem Cells for Targeted Drug Delivery

Mladen Veletic, Michael Taynnan Barros, Hamidreza Arjmandi, Sasitharan Balasubramaniam, Ilangko Balasingham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


A novel implantable and externally controllable stem-cell-based platform for the treatment of Glioblastoma brain cancer has been proposed to bring hope to patients who suffer from this devastating cancer type. Induced Neural Stem Cells (iNSCs), known to have potent therapeutic effects through exosomes-based molecular communication, play a pivotal role in this platform. Transplanted iNSCs demonstrate long-term survival and differentiation into neurons and glia which then fully functionally integrate with the existing neural network. Recent studies have shown that specific types of calcium channels in differentiated neurons and astrocytes are inhibited or activated upon cell depolarization leading to the increased intracellular calcium concentration levels which, in turn, interact with mobilization of multivesicular bodies and exosomal release. In order to provide a platform towards treating brain cancer with the optimum therapy dosage, we propose mathematical models to compute the therapeutic exosomal release rate that is modulated by cell stimulation patterns applied from the external wearable device. This study serves as an initial and required step in the evaluation of controlled exosomal secretion and release via induced stimulation with electromagnetic, optical and/or ultrasonic waves.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9083952
Pages (from-to)357-367
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


  • Brain
  • drug delivery systems
  • exosomes
  • glioblastoma
  • molecular communication
  • stem cells


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