Current research on sources for extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) has converged on the use of discharge or laser produced plasmas containing xenon, tin, or lithium with tin showing by far the most promise. Because of their density, radiation transport from these plasmas is a major issue and accurate photoabsorption cross sections are required for the development of the plasma models needed to optimize conditions for source operation. The relative EUV photoionization cross sections of SnI through SnIV have been measured and from a comparison with the results of many body calculations, the cross section has been estimated to be close to 11 Mb in each species at 13.5 nm (91.8 eV), the wavelength of choice for EUVL.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2005|