Stress and Maladaptive Coping of Italians Health Care Professionals during the First Wave of the Pandemic

Paolo Grandinetti, Martina Gooney, Florian Scheibein, Roberta Testa, Gaetano Ruggieri, Paolo Tondo, Anastasia Corona, Graziella Boi, Luca Floris, Valerio F. Profeta, John S.G. Wells, Domenico De Berardis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Stress during the pandemic has had an impact on the mental health of healthcare professionals (HCPs). However, little is known about coping and “maladaptive” coping behaviours of this population. This study investigates “maladaptive” coping behaviours and their correlation with stress, anxiety and insomnia of Italian HCPs during the pandemic. It reports on a cross-sectional, descriptive and correlational study based on a survey of 1955 Italian HCPs. Overall participants reported increases in cigarette smoking, time spent online and video playing. Overall reported alcohol consumption decreased but increased in those reporting drinking more than once a week. Those reporting starting smoking during the pandemic were found to have higher SAS and PSS scores. Those reporting being online for 3 or more hours were found to have higher ISS scores. Doctors who reported playing video games were found to have higher PSS, ISS and SAS scores whilst nurses who reported playing video games were found to have higher ISS scores. Doctors who reported playing for longer than one hour had higher PSS scores. Online behaviours may be a coping behaviour of HCPs affected by the pandemic. However, this is an underexplored area for the wellbeing of HCPs. These deficits need to be addressed going forward.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1586
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Coping behaviours
  • Healthcare management
  • Maladaptive coping
  • On-line behaviours
  • Pandemic
  • Stress
  • Stress and COVID-19

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