'The sick note': A qualitative study of sickness certification in general practice in Ireland

Michelle Foley, Kevan Thorley, Margaret Denny

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Sickness certification is a common task undertaken by General Practitioners (GPs) in most developed countries. Research suggests that they find this task complex and difficult. Primary health care structures and sickness certification practices differ across Europe and little research explores GPs certifying practices in the Republic of Ireland. Objectives: The aim of the study was to explore GPs' views on sickness certification, the strategies used to issue sickness certificates to patients and scope for improvement in the current system. Methods: A qualitative thematic approach used one to one in-depth interviews with 14 individual GPs, across 11 primary health care practices in Ireland. Analysis of the data was conducted using NVivo 8 qualitative software. Results: GPs can find their role as certifier problematic, and a source of conflict during the consultation process with patients. GPs were concerned with breaching patient confidentiality and in particular disclosing illness to employers. They reported feeling inadequate in dealing with some cases requesting sickness leave, including certification for adverse social circumstances. Sickness certification was often given in response to patient demand. GPs felt a need for better communication between themselves, employers and relevant government departments. Conclusion: This study highlights the various complexities and challenges that GPs face when dealing with patients requiring sickness certification. Issues in assessment of fitness for work and problems within the social welfare structure were recurrent themes. The study highlights the opportunities to improve the system and how these might be achieved. Further research is now warranted in Ireland.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-99
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of General Practice
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012


  • epidemiology public health
  • General practice
  • sickness absence
  • sickness certification


Dive into the research topics of ''The sick note': A qualitative study of sickness certification in general practice in Ireland'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this