Two distinct populations of Bovine IL-17+ T-cells can be induced and WC1 + IL-17+ γ 3δ T-cells are effective killers of protozoan parasites

R. K. Peckham, R. Brill, D. S. Foster, A. L. Bowen, J. A. Leigh, T. J. Coffey, R. J. Flynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

IL-17 has emerged as a key player in the immune system, exhibiting roles in protection from infectious diseases and promoting inflammation in autoimmunity. Initially thought to be CD4 T-cell-derived, the sources of IL-17 are now known to be varied and belong to both the innate and adaptive arms of the immune system. Mechanisms for inducing IL-17 production in lymphoid cells are thought to rely on appropriate antigenic stimulation in the context of TGF-β21, IL-6 and/or IL-1β2. Using culture protocols adapted from human studies, we have effectively induced both bovine CD4 + and WC1 + γ 3δ T-cells to produce IL-17 termed Th17 and γ 3δ 17 cells, respectively. The negative regulatory effect of IFN-β3 on mouse and human IL-17 production can be extended to the bovine model, as addition of IFN-β3 decreases IL-17 production in both cell types. Furthermore we show that infection with the protozoan Neospora caninum will induce fibroblasts to secrete pro-IL-17 factors thereby inducing a γ 3δ 17 phenotype that preferentially kills infected target cells. Our study identifies two T-cell sources of IL-17, and is the first to demonstrate a protective effect of IL-17+ T-cells in ruminants. Our findings offer further opportunities for future adjuvants or vaccines which could benefit from inducing these responses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5431
JournalScientific Reports
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

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